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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 4: Interactions of the liver, heart, and intestine in lipid metabolism. The liver-to-heart, liver-tointestine, and intestine-to-heart axes are shown. CYP7A1: cholesterol 7-hydroxylase, TMA: trimethylamine, FXR: farnesoid X receptor, SR-B1: scavenger receptor B1, TMAO: trimethylamine-oxide, VLDL: very low-density lipoprotein, LDL: low-density lipoprotein, RCT: reverse cholesterol transport, TGR5: Takeda G protein receptor 5, EHC: enterohepatic circulation, TMA: trimethylamine, CM: chylomicrons, FGF19: fibroblast growth factor 19, BSH: bile salt hydrolases, DCA: deoxycholic acid, LCA: lithocholic acid, TMA: trimethylamine, GLP-1: glucagon-like peptide 1, TICE: transintestinal cholesterol excretion

Figure 4: Interactions of the liver, heart, and intestine in lipid metabolism. The liver-to-heart, liver-tointestine, and intestine-to-heart axes are shown. CYP7A1: cholesterol 7-hydroxylase, TMA: trimethylamine, FXR: farnesoid X receptor, SR-B1: scavenger receptor B1, TMAO: trimethylamine-oxide, VLDL: very low-density lipoprotein, LDL: low-density lipoprotein, RCT: reverse cholesterol transport, TGR5: Takeda G protein receptor 5, EHC: enterohepatic circulation, TMA: trimethylamine, CM: chylomicrons, FGF19: fibroblast growth factor 19, BSH: bile salt hydrolases, DCA: deoxycholic acid, LCA: lithocholic acid, TMA: trimethylamine, GLP-1: glucagon-like peptide 1, TICE: transintestinal cholesterol excretion