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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 4: Possible mechanisms of the adverse effects of COVID-19 on the cardiovascular system. COVID-19: Coronavirus disease 2019, AE: anion exchanger, NHE: Na+/H+ exchange, NBC: Na+–HCO3- cotransport, NCBE: sodium-driven chloride bicarbonate

Figure 4: Possible mechanisms of the adverse effects of COVID-19 on the cardiovascular system.
COVID-19: Coronavirus disease 2019, AE: anion exchanger, NHE: Na<sup>+</sup>/H<sup>+</sup> exchange, NBC: Na<sup>+</sup>–HCO<sub>3</sub>- cotransport, NCBE: sodium-driven chloride bicarbonate